A stroke is the leading cause of disability and death in the United States. It’s a medical emergency and should be treated with the necessary urgency. When an individual suffers a stroke, early intervention is essential to reduce major health complications. The Multiple Sclerosis and Neurology Institute of Austin is led by neurological experts who use state-of-the-art techniques and solutions to help you recover after a stroke and minimize the risk of a future stroke. If you or a loved one has suffered a stroke, please schedule a consultation at our medical center in Austin.
What are strokes?
A stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when the brain’s blood supply is obstructed or blocked. The brain needs to maintain optimal blood circulation to receive oxygen and other essential nutrients. When the blood supply is interrupted or reduced, the brain cells start dying within minutes. If left untreated, strokes can eventually lead to paralysis, memory loss, difficulty talking, emotional problems, and even death. If you notice the signs and symptoms of a stroke, you must seek emergency care without delay.
What are the symptoms of strokes?
If you notice the early warning signs and symptoms of a stroke, you must act quickly. Some of the treatments for strokes work best when administered soon after the symptoms appear and should be treated in the emergency department. The longer you wait, the more brain cells will die, leading to potential long-term complications. The following are some of the most common signs and symptoms of strokes:
- Trouble speaking or swallowing
- Confusion and slurring speech
- Numbness of the face, arms, or legs
- Sudden paralysis of the face or body
- One side of the mouth might droop while smiling
- One arm automatically falls down
- Blurred or blackened vision in one or both eyes
- Double vision in one or both eyes
- Sudden and severe headaches
- Vomiting and dizziness
- Loss of consciousness
- Loss of balance
- Inability to walk properly
What are the causes of strokes?
Strokes may occur because of two primary reasons — blocked arteries or burst blood vessels. The following is a brief overview of the two causes of strokes:
- Ischemic Stroke: When the blood vessels are narrowed or blocked by fatty deposits, blood clots, or other debris, the brain might not receive enough blood flow, leading to a stroke. This is the most common cause of strokes.
- Hemorrhagic Stroke: When the blood vessels in the brain leak or rupture, you may suffer a stroke. You may suffer a hemorrhagic stroke because of traumas, overtreatment with blood thinners, high blood pressure, and other factors.
How to prevent a stroke?
- Control high blood pressure
- Lower cholesterol and saturated fat intake
- Stop smoking or consuming tobacco
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables
- Exercise regularly
- Limit alcohol consumption
- Treat obstructive sleep apnea
- Avoid non-prescription drugs
What are the treatments for strokes?
The Multiple Sclerosis and Neurology Institute of Austin is led by neurological experts who can manage the symptoms of strokes, help you recover from a stroke, and prevent future strokes. Your treatment plan may include physical therapy, speech therapy, diet changes, disease-specific treatments, and Botox injections for uncontrollable muscle spasms. Please schedule a consultation if you’ve recently experienced a stroke.